Blog and Recent Market Comments

Gold is Poised for a Major Move Higher
As the inflationary Cycle Persists

Since 1981, interest rates and inflation have been declining and the investment environment has been deflationary. However, from 1999 to 2008, in the aftermath of the Tech Bubble environment, we experienced an inflationary cycle which led to major moves in gold and energy.

The chart below shows gold futures prices since 2000. Gold prices have recently broken above the $2000/oz. level, poised to move higher and potentially meaningfully higher.

Since the early 1980s, in combination with the academic arguments for the Modern Portfolio Theory advanced by Nobel Laureates Harry Markowitz and William Sharp, the 60% equity 40% asset allocation has been become the de facto asset allocation gold standard to portfolio management. “60/40 became the baseline investment strategy for pension funds, endowment funds, and high-net-worth individuals as well as retail investors. Wealth advising firms built the portfolios of many millions of customers around this simple rule because nothing succeeds like success. The 60/40 portfolio was a success on both risk and return measures and on widespread adoption.”

However, the component values for both stocks and bonds argue against the 60/40 portfolio today. Furthermore, the current inflationary cycle suggests commodities like gold and oil should outperform the S&P 500 for the remainder of the decade. For this reason we have been advising customers to tilt their portfolios to a 25% cash, 25% commodities, 25% stock, 25% bond allocation or 25-25-25-25 allocation for higher income, greater inflation protection and lower capital risk.

The chart below shows a cyclical delineation of inflationary environments and deflationary environments every 10-20 years since 1870. Based on the resurgence of inflation, and today’s overvaluation of equities, gold should outperform the S&P 500 over the next several years as it did in the 1970s and the 1999 – 2011 inflationary cycles. With the massive central bank accommodation that followed the pandemic, tremendous liquidity is available for investment in gold in the years ahead.

With inflation numbers not declining to the 2% range as the Federal Reserve has predicted and the S&P 500 sporting a Cyclically Adjusted Price Earnings multiple “CAPE” of 32.98, we expect that commodities and gold will see larger allocations as the investing world deemphasizes the 60/40 model in the years ahead.

Below is a snip of Robert Shiller’s dataset showing the CAPE at 32.98, a level over the 1929 highs but below the 2000 peak of 43.

History of Gold Moves

Below is a chart of gold prices with the moves for gold highlighted for the 1970 and 1999-2011 inflationary periods where gold prices moved a staggering 1834% during the 1970s and 612% during the early 2000s.

Source: Macrotrends.net

Gold also looks like it can continue to push higher. John Paulson told David Rubenstein last year that he thought gold could enjoy a larger move than during the post Great Financial Crisis because then Fed liquidity went to repair bank balance sheets and this post COVID accommodation saw surplus liquidity flow into the public’s personal accounts. If gold begins to attract investor interest over the coming years as a currency alternative, inflation hedge, and high return investment, upside is on the order of $3195/oz. to $5325/oz. (3x and 5x the 2015 low of $1065/oz.) Such a move could be achieved as asset allocators add gold as part of a commodity allocation as the 60/40 is revised to a more suitable allocation strategy like the 25-25-25-25 in the years ahead.

Our Past Gold Calls:

In August 2019 and September 2019 I wrote two letters where I recommended gold. We also advised exiting gold in August of 2020. During that period from September 9th 2019 to August 7th 2020, GLD — the SPDR Gold Trust – rose 35%, GDX – the Van Eck Gold Miners ETF – rose 55%, and SLV the iShares Silver Trust – rose 55%.
The five year chart below shows the move in the GLD SPDR Gold Trust which owns gold bars as opposed to gold stocks. We demarked the period of our earlier recommendation from September 2019 to August 2020. We also see the chart has been basing and now is breaking out to the upside.

Below is a chart of the GLD- SPDR Gold Trust (in red and green bars), the GDX Van Eck Gold Miners ETF (the green line), and the SLV the iShares Silver Trust (the gray line). All three are correlated and should rise; however, there are important distinctions between each ETF. GLD owns the actual metal and is correlated with the price of gold. GDX owns gold stocks. Gold mining shares should rise as the price of the metal appreciates because the gross margin earned by a miner will expand rapidly as the price of the metal increases. The gold spot price has risen this year from $2076/oz. to 2369/oz. or 14.1% this year. This will drive rapid earnings growth in gold stocks which are lagging the actual metal’s appreciation as of May 14th. The silver to gold ratio historically expands during bull markets, and consequently we expect silver to appreciate with gold and could outperform in the months and years ahead.

The chart below shows how in 2020, gold stocks shown through the GDX outperformed the gold shown through the GLD bar chart into August 2020 when we exited our positions. Likewise, there was similar outperformance in silver shown through SLV (gray line) from the COVID March low until our August 2020 exit. Today, we would own all three ETFs for a diversified participation in the precious metals space as part of the commodity allocation in a diversified portfolio.

We believe that momentum is a primary factor in quantitative investing. Consequently, the longer this rally persists, the more likely gold, gold stocks, and precious metals will enjoy growing investor participation. This anticipated tactical allocation and momentum buying will intensify with growing central bank investments in gold by central banks most notably the Bank of China.

Below is a chart of gold purchases by China over the last 3 years.

Source: TradingEconomics.com
Conclusion: The 60/40 model is losing its appeal. Other assets like commodities and money markets should see growing allocations during this inflationary cycle as was the case in the 1970s and the 1999 to 2011 period when gold and oil had significant moves and the S&P 500 performed poorly. Gold appears to be a likely beneficiary of asset allocation rebalances and tactical allocations because central banks are buying gold, gold is a proven hedge against inflation, and gold performs well during periods of war and geopolitical unrest. Gold should also enjoy increased sponsorship as gold, gold stocks, silver, and other precious metals are easily purchased through ETFs. If inflation remains stubbornly high, gold should outperform as financial assets will likely underperform and gold is emerging as a new safe-haven investment in a time of domestic and international unrest. Lastly, with computerized trading and asset allocation programs dominating the investment landscape, we believe the growing momentum in gold and gold stock prices will become a feedback loop where buying begets further buying. While we cannot accurately estimate future prices for gold in the years ahead, we do believe that three to five times gold’s 2015 low price of $1065/oz could lead to prices from $3195/oz. to $5335/oz. in the years ahead. From today’s closing price of $2367/oz., those estimates imply upside of 35% to 125% in the 2020s. As a fan of investor John Paulson, who made $5 billion investing in gold in 2011, and for the reasons we have detailed in this letter, we believe this is an excellent opportunity add gold, gold stocks and precious metals to your portfolio for the next few months and or years.

The New Tellurian Ex-Souki: New Executive Management Team, Same Model

Tellurian Inc. removed Charif Souki from his leadership and all operating roles on December 11th. This management change creates a more focused and professional organization which will continue to execute in the coming months as it seeks to secure a key equity funder for the Driftwood LNG facility. Tellurian Investor Representative, Matthew Phillips, spoke with me on January 4th, and said the company is having multiple discussions with both household names and smaller counterparties. If the company secures financing for Driftwood, Income Growth Advisors, LLC believes there is substantial upside for Tellurian stock.

The company outlined their plans in Chairman Martin Houston’s letter on December 28th. The addition of 13 million shares of TELL by Chatterjee Fund Management LP, brings its total holdings to 47 million shares, demonstrating new institutional investment into Tellurian’s new team and strategy. 8Ks filed by the company show that Tellurian is taking steps to address certain negative covenants on a convertible bond which triggered its going concern. The final restructuring of its convertible debt will likely follow securing an equity funder for Driftwood LNG, according to Matthew Phillips.

Speculation and industry news suggest that large household names could be Shell plc, BP plc, and Aramco. Smaller possibilities are TG Natural Resources LLC (the newly formed combination of Rockcliff Energy and Tokyo Gas) and Indian natural gas operator GAIL which issued and EOI in February 2023 to acquire a portion of a US LNG facility.

The most important takeaway appears to be Souki did not want to work with certain counterparties or visa versa. Last year, Souki told Bloomberg’s Alix Steel that he did not trust the Chinese, the largest buyer of LNG in the world, as a counterparty. However, following 12-18 months of not closing, the board now has new counterparties which were referenced in Houston’s letter. This may open the door for Martin Houston and Octavio Simoes, who also have highly accomplished records in the LNG industry, to engage other strategies and counterparties now that Souki is gone. Souki’s departure terms were amicable, and he will receive his full bonus when the company achieves Final Investment Decision “FID”. 

Souki was criticized by some for lavish pay packages and taking high risks. His fatal error, in my opinion, was the collateralization of 25 million shares of TELL stock to help finance his Aspen Valley Ranch, which ultimately were sold by a creditor in Q1 of 2023. Souki claimed that the creditor promised not to sell his shares until Driftwood was financed. There has been private litigation surrounding this financing which is awaiting a final verdict this month. That share transaction, combined with the failure to secure critical financing, I believe, led to his ouster.

Investment Scenarios:

If TELL secures financing, the return potential is significant. We estimate that the company can earn $4 billion in cash flow a year with its pioneering integrated model of selling cheap US natural gas at higher prices internationally. At five times cash flow, we estimate the valuation of Tellurian could be worth $20 billion in 2032 when all five trains are built. Using a 15% risk adjusted discount rate, TELL’s market capitalization could be $7 billion in 2024, if Driftwood secures FID. That valuation is up from today’s market capitalization of $502 million. If TELL’s total share count grows to 1 billion shares outstanding, a share price of $7 could be achieved in 2024. This is the massive asymmetric upside I have been positioning clients for. And, now with the new team more focused on execution, the corporate news announcements over the next few months will decide whether Tellurian will be a ten bagger or simply a speculative investment.

Martin Houston, who owns 18 million Tellurian shares, believes in Souki’s vision of an integrated model where Tellurian sources their own cheap US natural gas and sells it internationally at a large premium as opposed to a traditional tolling model where the LNG processor simply captures a $1.5/mmBtu liquefaction fee. At a minimum, Houston wants to fully recover its billion dollar investment in Driftwood. Assuming Tellurian has invested $1.25 billion in Driftwood, add in their Haynesville properties and pipelines, and subtract their debt, their net assets should be about $1.25 billion. Assuming shares outstanding fully diluted are 800 million, the company’s asset value per share is approximately $1.56/share approximately twice today’s share price.

Cheniere Energy Inc. History:

A quick review of the chart of Cheniere Energy Inc (LNG) shows the extraordinary moves made when it financed and constructed its LNG facilities Sabine Pass 2011-2014 and then Corpus Christi 2014-2019.

Source: Tellurian Inc. Daily Email 10/24/2023

Tellurian Inc. History:

Tellurian was founded by Charif Souki and Martin Houston in 2016. The COVID-19 crash and the Petronet MOU expiration hurt TELL in 2020. 2022 saw a spike in natural gas prices due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Expectations of Driftwood LNG financing led to a move from below $1/share in 2021 to over $6/share in April 2022.

With the collapse in natural gas prices from $10/mmBtu to $2/mmBtu, failure to raise $1 billion in September 2022, withdrawal of Sales Purchase Agreements (SPAs), TELL’s FERC extension request, TELL’s ATM share issuance, and going concern language, led TELL shares to decline from $6/share to below $0.48/share while the company sought to finance Driftwood with strategic equity off takers. Despite positive announcements with Blue Owl, GAIL, and Baker Hughes the share price declined until November when share volume rose considerably. With Souki gone, expenses reduced, new counterparties, new institutional investment, and insider stock purchases, Tellurian is positioned to secure Driftwood’s financing.

Forthcoming news could bolster TELL shares and Driftwood financing prospects. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission should soon announce approval of its Driftwood construction extension request which noted that “potential financing counterparties and customers require regulatory certainty that Driftwood will have sufficient time to construct and place the Project in service.” In September, Tellurian said they would entertain SPA agreements again, and a SPA could be announced before FERC approval, but more likely after announcing a financial partner. The revenues Tellurian generates are directly linked to natural gas prices, and rising prices could improve TELL’s cash flow rapidly. And, most importantly, an announcement of an investment or agreement to invest in the Driftwood LNG facility could change Tellurian’s prospects overnight.

Tellurian’s stock price appears to have bottomed out and the company is poised to benefit from news in the coming days, weeks, and months. From its current market capitalization and share price, Tellurian Inc. could prove a significant winner if news regarding its financing is announced in the coming months.

Income Growth Advisors, Inc and the author personally own Tellurian and may be biased in its analysis. I believe that Tellurian is in the right business, with the right team, at the right time to successfully finance Driftwood LNG; however, financing Tellurian’s innovative vertically integrated model is not assured.

November 1, 2023: Tellurian, Inc., A Generational Investment Opportunity?

Tellurian, Inc. is a development stage LNG and natural gas producer looking to take abundant low-cost US natural gas and sell it into the international market. Tellurian’s 27.5 MPTA Driftwood LNG liquefaction facility is the last fully licensed major US LNG project designed to produce LNG this decade. The Driftwood facility benefits from the energy transition’s growing commitment to natural gas and capitalizes on the higher margin provided by Tellurian’s integrated business model.

Tellurian’s model differs from its competitors by capturing the spread between cheap US natural gas $2.971/mmBTU and international prices — TTF (Euro Benchmark) $15.293/mmBTU and JKM (Asia Benchmark) $17.840/mmBTU — versus a tolling model which limits profitability to a few dollars per mmBTU of LNG produced. See HH, TTF and JKM benchmark prices on 10/24/2023 listed below. Tellurian will share this attractive spread with its shareholders and equity partners. By funding its Driftwood liquefaction facility with equity partners, Tellurian shareholders should benefit from its potential $4-5 billion in annual cashflow once Driftwood is operating.

Source: Tellurian Inc. Daily Email 10/24/2023

Executive Chairman Sharif Souki has argued that traditional LNG financing models based on long-term tolling contracts are not sufficiently profitable to meet current development costs and future maintenance costs. Recently reported problems at competitors Venture Global, Freeport LNG, and Next Decade suggest that Souki is right. Off taker delivery problems, deficient maintenance and op ex, and shareholder participation at Venture Global, Freeport LNG and Next Decade suggest the toll road business models with thin margins have created these problems. Tellurian’s integrated model better allocates development and operating costs which will lead to off takers receiving their expected cargoes and fewer plant disruptions (e.g. explosions). Consequently, Tellurian’s lucrative integrated business model should avoid these industry problems because its funders will be fairly paid for their participation.

The energy transition has evolved from an effort to cancel all fossil fuel production and nuclear energy and replacing those energy sources with wind and solar. Europe had embraced this strategy but found itself in an energy crisis before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Today, natural gas, LNG, and nuclear are increasingly recognized as transition fuels. They provide a pragmatic balance of energy generation and lower carbon emissions targeting net zero 2050. Thought leaders like this Japanese think tank concluded recently that $7 trillion in natural gas development will be needed by 2050. This forecast, like Wood Mackenzie’s market analyses, suggests that facilities like Driftwood will be needed to fill an LNG production gap in the years ahead.

Tellurian’s management team has helped to build 79% of US LNG facilities and is working with Bechtel to construct Driftwood. Furthermore, because liquefaction is a commercially proven technology, the primary challenge to Tellurian is securing the financing of the $14-15 billion Driftwood facility. If Tellurian successfully finances Driftwood in the coming weeks and months, we believe there is a five to ten fold return potential for its shares by first half 2024. Assuming a five times EBITDA multiple on projected annual cash flows of $4-5 billion, when Driftwood is fully operational, Tellurian could trade at a $20-25 billion market capitalization around 2030. Based on Tellurian’s $379 million market capitalization, Tellurian’s market cap could grow fifty-fold.

The Global Economic-Environmental Case for LNG:

Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel in terms of carbon emissions. Natural gas emits about one half the carbon which is emitted by coal. In recent years, activist groups have promoted banning all fossil fuels and switching to renewables – primarily solar and wind. Unfortunately, physics has shown that eliminating all fossil fuels and nuclear power will lead to an energy crisis and food shortage. Powerful arguments have suggested that transitioning to renewables is a process that will take decades. Furthermore, policies which seek to accelerate that transition will lead to energy and food crises.

Mark Mills, a world class energy expert provides an entertaining short video highlighting the fallacy of a rapidly deployed renewables only energy strategy. Please watch his video.

Europe, which aggressively adopted a rapid transition to renewables at an unrealistically fast pace found itself in an energy crisis and then Ukraine was attacked by Russia. Russia went on to use energy as a weapon of war. Today energy security has become an important new strategic consideration for energy policy and investment decisions. Once natural gas is liquefied and placed on an LNG ship, that cargo can be easily shipped around the world. This allows energy users to diversify their energy supply sources to reduce carbon emissions and increase energy security.

UN Sustainability Goals’ top priorities are ending poverty and ending hunger. Natural gas addresses both of these top UNSDG goals while simultaneously reducing carbon emissions. An energy transition emphasizing natural gas can reduce carbon emissions, provide fertilizer to feed billions and energy to lift the world’s poor out of poverty.

EQT Corporation, the largest US natural gas producer, makes the following argument for international LNG. “Unleashing U.S. LNG and replacing international coal with American natural gas is the largest green initiative on the planet and the world’s best weapon to address climate change.” EQT states that “the emissions reduction impact of an unleashed US LNG scenario is equal to:

  • Electrifying every US car
  • Powering every home in America with rooftop solar and backup battery packs [and]
  • Adding 54,000 industrial scale windmills, doubling US wind capacity.”

Furthermore, “By 2030, an unleashed US LNG scenario would reduce international CO2 emissions by an incremental 1.1 billion metric tons per year” and US citizens would be paid for this initiative (tax revenues and an additional $75 billion in royalties3, as opposed to paying for it.”

The institutional energy market is moving in the direction of greater reliance on natural gas. This week, Bloomberg energy analyst Steven Stapczynski reported that Europe is signing long-term LNG contracts despite political pledges to rapidly reduce carbon emissions. Furthermore, the Biden administration seeks to increase US LNG supplies to Europe and replace dirtier Russian sourced natural gas. The Presidential joint declaration of March 2022 helped to lift Tellurian share prices to $6 per share. Europe did not consummate those import deals in 2022 due to Europe’s lack of degasification facilities — at the time — and the EU’s preference of a hydrogen solution. Today, that thinking may have changed.

For a comprehensive overview of the US shale boom, please watch Peter Zeinan’s The First Shale Revolution: Humble Beginnings and then The Second Shale Revolution: Industrial Expansion. The first video describes the early development of the US natural gas business and how it made the US energy independent. This revolution explains how the US turned from an LNG importer to an LNG exporter. From 2000 to 2006, Cheniere Energy shares rose from $1 to $40/share when it initially built a gasification facility to import cheaper international LNG; however, when abundant natural gas was found in US shales with hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling, Cheniere found its business model was upside down and its shares declined from $40/share to $1/share. Note the share prices of Cheniere Energy, Inc. from 2000 to the present.

Souki, the former co-founder and co-CEO of Cheniere Energy, Inc., then restructured the company into a liquefaction company and Cheniere today is the largest LNG producer in the US. Cheniere’s stock rose from $1/share to $183/share. The second video discusses how the US took its shale oil and natural gas and turned it into low-cost powerplant fuel for electricity which then broke the US dependency on coal and made the US the leading reducer of carbon emissions on a relative and sustainable basis on the planet! This shale history helps to explain the recent $60 billion acquisition of Pioneer Natural Resources by ExxonMobil and Chevron Corporation’s $53 billion acquisition of Hess Corporation.

Tellurian Financing Prospects:

Tellurian’s valuation reflects a distressed liquidation value. However, if Tellurian is able to secure additional financing for its upstream business and grow its upstream business to $400mm/year by 2027, Tellurian’s upstream business could be worth 3 to 5 times EBITDA multiple or $1.2 billion to $2.0 billion in the next 4 years.

Overwhelmingly, the biggest variable in valuing Tellurian is tied to Driftwood LNG’s financing prospects. Below is a diagram of the capital structure that has been proposed by Tellurian to finance Driftwood LNG.

Below each segment of the capital structure is assessed for the risk associated with each component.

Bank Debt $7.0bn

Project finance is a particular type of long-term financing of infrastructure or industrial projects that is based upon projected cash flows of a project as opposed to the balance sheet of the sponsor. These loans are financed off of a bank’s balance sheet. Port Arthur, for example is priced at 2 ¼ over the SOFR Secured Overnight Financing Rate. SOFR is short term rate like the fed fund rate and LIBOR London Interbank Offered Rate. SOFR, like the fed funds rate and LIBOR, has risen to 5 1/4% following a sharp run upsince 2020 and has paused. Unlike 10 and 30-year Treasury yields which have been rising this year, this huge loan should be priced in the 7 ½% range. The loan will be similar to a credit line for a construction project, where a combination of equity and bankline are drawn down to pay Bechtel’s monthly EPC fee. The liquefaction equipment which will be the majority of the $12 billion. These project loans are considered low risk loans. Jamie Dimon CEO, of JP Morgan, would likely lead a syndicate of banks to fund this $7.0 billion bank line. Project finance is an easy spread business for a bank to book where the banks’ capital costs lies between its deposit rates, the fed fund rate, or LIBOR rate.

Lease/Mezz $2.0 bn

The lease has been publicly offered by Blue Owl in its sale leaseback agreement for $1 billion. Blue Owl will pay Tellurian $1 billion for ownership of the Driftwood project and site with a 40 year lease at an 8.75% cap rate (rent = $87.5 million/year) with a 3% annual escalator. Blue Owl is a sophisticated publicly traded finance company with Doug Ostrover as Co-CEO. It is intriguing that Ostrover “was a founder of GSO Capital Partners (GSO), Blackstone’s alternative credit platform and a Senior Managing Director at Blackstone until 2015.” Blackstone was a key private equity funder to Cheniere Energy, Inc. We suspect Ostrover is familiar with or was involved with the debt and or private equity financing of Cheniere Energy, Inc. and may have worked with Souki in the past.

The other $1 billion in mezzanine finance is where we believe the Driftwood project has been held up. In the spring, Souki had said the company had a term sheet out with an equity investor with whom they had worked in the past. We speculate that this could be John Paulson, because John Paulson is a Tellurian shareholder and was involved with financing Cheniere Energy, Inc. I met John Paulson when I worked at Alex Brown in the 1990s. Earlier this spring, in an interview with David Rubenstein, Paulson said he liked asymmetric investment opportunities. Paulson is a Wall Street phenom whose firm made 20 billion dollars buying credit default swaps on sub-prime mortgages during the Great Financial Crisis and may have been the true inspiration for the book and movie “The Big Short” and not Michael Burry another investment genius who also owned credit default swaps on sub prime mortgages during the GFC. Paulson’s investments in credit default swaps were in the billions through various hedge fund vehicles he set up at the time. Burry’s investments were much smaller. Paulson could easily be attracted to the potential asymmetric return from the spread between international LNG prices and Henry Hub prices. A private equity convertible stock with an equity upside would be consistent with financing structures used by Cheniere Energy, Inc. in the past and could be attractive to private equity and infrastructure investors.

For a non-strategic equity partner (an entity not interested in owning or handling the LNG like John Paulson) the signing sales purchase agreements (SPAs) would give financial or infrastructure investors a steady tolling fee for risk mitigation, but also the spread between international natural gas prices and domestic prices. On Souki’s September 13, 2023 weekly video, Souki stated (4:20 in video) that if the company is able to secure a $2.75/mmcf, they would have about $0.50 to give to infrastructure funds that are now investing in the LNG space. A compelling example of a private equity investment in the LNG space is Warren Buffett’s $3.3 billion July investment in Cove Point. Buffett paid about 10 time cash flow for his investment and the Driftwood equity is being offered at about one times cash flow. The obvious difference is that Cove Point is built and currently cash flowing. Driftwood is not. Driftwood should start generating its first LNG revenues in 2027. Until the company begins generating cash flow, investors will be assuming the risk that the project won’t be completed and generate cash flow as expected. Actual interest payments can be made in PIK (pay in kind) equity until the company begins to generate cash flow in 2027.

Consequently, we believe that if Tellurian has 11 MPTA in SPAs, they could comfortably secure $1 billion in infrastructure financing for this mezzanine financing. Martin Houston reported on Bloomberg this week that they are working on their portfolio of SPAs.

Partner Equity $1.8 bn

The private equity partners have been the focus of Tellurian, since last September when they pulled the $1 billion 11 1/4% 2027 notes with warrants. The equity partner strategy alternatively focuses on the sale of a share of equity ownership of Driftwood. For strategic partners, Driftwood is an appealing piece of energy infrastructure which will give each equity partner a share of the equity economics of Driftwood LNG. Tellurian is seeking $1.8 billion. The Blue Owl deal required that Tellurian reveal who these entities are to preapprove them and that they have the financial capacity to be “contingent guarantors”. We believe several have been preapproved by Blue Owl or they would not have converted their original letter of intent into a binding commitment. The profile of an equity partner, strategic equity partner or contingent guarantor is a substantial entity capable of paying its share of rent, mortgage, and operating expenses for decades. Logical partner prospects include Shell plc, Saudi Aramco, Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd, as well as European, Korean, or Indian energy companies or utilities who want access to low-cost high quality US LNG.

Tellurian Equity $1.5 bn

Tellurian itself is an equity owner of the Driftwood project and has invested $1 billion in the project and will continue to fund its construction. Its share — inflation adjusted — is estimated at $1.5 billion. That funding piece is assured as one billion is already invested.

Contingent Equity $2.5 bn

Contingent equity is what Tellurian will invest into the Driftwood LNG project from commissioning cargoes. Commissioning cargoes are the first (approximately six months) of cargoes from a new facility while the sponsor is testing its equipment and output to assure that it meets specifications. Tellurian has committed six months of commissioning cargo proceeds to the project. This is one area where significant controversy, regarding Venture Global, has arisen. Venture Global built a huge low-cost prefabricated facility and sold its off taker fees at very low prices. However, when the commissioning cargoes were set to end and Venture Global was to send their customers their LNG, the company — Venture Global — argued that those cargoes were theirs due to there being equipment issues. According to Reutters “U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) company Venture Global LNG sold over 200 LNG cargoes worth about $18.2 billion since its first export plant started operations in March 2022, according to vessel data and Reuters gas price calculations.

Those shipments have become a flashpoint for gas buyers and marketers who insist they should have received some of the supplies under long-term contracts for Venture Global’s Calcasieu Pass export plant in Louisiana. There have been at least three contract arbitration cases brought this year.” Tellurian has said it will be fully transparent in its financial model and contracts implying that in working with their team, long-term off takers will get the cargoes when they expect them. We believe Tellurian has had the time to study this problem and the Freeport LNG explosion and shape a financing model which will be more reliable in the future.

We believe that Tellurian has been speaking with counterparties for each segment of the funding stack. While contracts have not been finalized, we believe the management has shown contract terms with each counter party. We believe with the completion of their off take portfolio with SPAs as an option, they will be able to fine tune prices to secure the best terms for the company and its shareholders.

Tellurian’s Attractive Shares Valuation:

We value Tellurian’s shares by separately analyzing its upstream E&P business and its downstream Driftwood LNG facility. Tellurian’s upstream natural gas business generates 200mmBCF/day of natural gas on 31,000 acres of land in the Haynesville and should generate $100mm in EBITDA this year according to Charif Souki on September 19th, 2023. Cash flow multiples for gassy E&Ps run in the 3-5 times area. Due to Tellurian’s 31,000 acre Haynesville property ownership, the value of its pipelines, and LNG value add prospects, we a 5x 2023 EBITDA multiple on its upstream business is fair value. However, conservatively valuing the cash flow the cash flow at three times, we estimate its upstream business is worth $300mm.

Natural gas prices are firming and up 2.36% today, 6.63% this month, and 40.17% year to date in the table below as of October 27th, 2023.

As a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022 natural gas prices spiked to $10/mmBtu which prompted a rapid expansion of US natural gas production that ultimately led to a collapse in natural gas prices back to $2/mmBtu. Today, natural gas well counts are declining, and natural gas prices are reversing upward as shown in the chart below. Furthermore, as LNG capacity ramps in the years ahead, natural gas prices should firm further helping Tellurian’s upstream cash flows. Tellurian’s natural gas production break even is $1.8 to $2.0/mmBtu. Consequently, Tellurian’s operating leverage is significant. Continued strength in natural gas explains the decline in operating profitability from 2022 into the first half of 2023.

Tellurian’s upstream business will need to scale significantly to produce the needed feedstock for Phase 1 of its 27.5 MPTA Driftwood facility. Tellurian plans to double its production from 200mmcf/day to 400mmcf/day and the company stated it plans to do a financing before year end to fund this additional production according to Souki’s September 19th video. This will be a private transaction and the counterparty might split upstream or midstream cashflows and or get liquefaction rights with Driftwood LNG. Logical equity partners are public and private natural gas E&Ps like those which have expressed an interest in selling their natural gas internationally. Potential upstream funders include EQT Corporation (EQT), Chesapeake Energy Corporation (CHK), Rockcliff Energy, Comstock Resources, Inc. (CRK), Devon Energy Corporation (DVN), Antero Resources Inc. (AR), Range Resources Corporation (RRC), and Southwestern Energy Company (SWN). Earnings are expected to be released November 1st, 2023 and with those latest cashflow numbers, a transaction could be negotiated by year end.

Tellurian’s second quarter’s earnings were poor due to low natural gas prices, low volumes, and drilling expenses. The third quarter should be much better as the company stopped drilling, natural gas prices are rising and production volumes are growing. With those improved cash flows, Tellurian should be able to continue funding Driftwood construction until they complete their financing. Below are our rough estimates of the company’s financials for Q3.

Q2 Earnings Report

Net Production 17.2 BCF
Revenues $31.9
EBITA $8mm
HH ave. price 2.15 in q2 (actual basis 1.85)
Q2 Earnings we loss $32mm.

Estimated Q3 Report (est. Nov 1)

Net Production 18 BCF
Revenues $46.8mm
EBITA $21.5 = ((2.6-1.85 basis)
HH ave. price 2.60 in q3
Q3 estimated loss $21mm.

The newly restructured convertible cash covenant was reduced to $50 million. See Note 17 10-Q August 8 2023. The company will have $107mm-50mm=$57mm in cash to draw down and an ATM to draw on to cover out estimated $20 million quarterly cash burn.

Valuing Driftwood LNG

Without the facility being fully constructed and without financing, we conservatively value Driftwood at $100 million. Driftwood is the last large fully licensed LNG project expected to produce LNG this decade. This $100 million resale estimate is “10 cents on the dollar” despite Tellurian having invested over $1 billion. Once financing progress is announced, such as an SPA or binding letter of intent, Driftwood’s valuation would increase immediately.

If Tellurian secures the $14.5-15 billion for construction, then the value of Driftwood should jump as the public market risk-adjusts future cash flows of $4-5 billion a year. From a market capitalization of $400 million to $20 billion in 2031, the annualized equity return is approximately 63%. Consequently, Tellurian’s abnormally high volatility is directly related to its financing prospects.

The giant opportunity for Tellurian is to sell its LNG abroad. The European TTF index chart below shows that prices are firming. LNG prices are also improving for the Asian JKM. Higher international prices should stoke interest in signing LNG deals with Tellurian.

The conversion for Euros/MWh to $/mmBtu is 0.31. TTF $53.982EUR/MWh x .31 = $16.73/mmBtu.

Based on Tellurian’s proposed pricing structure with a third party buyer (SPA) at Henry Hub + 15%= 2.97 x 1.15= $3.642 plus transfer fee of $2.75/mmBtu = $6.39 LNG cost. The TTF is $16.73/mmBtu which is a $10/mmBtu spread.

See Tellurian’s Driftwood model emailed daily below:

Tellurian shows a Gulf Coast Marker a metric Platts uses to reflect the “daily export value of LNG traded free on board (FOB) from the US Gulf Coast.” This gives an indication of what the profitability of the Driftwood plant would be for this year to date and based on prices this year and tabulated daily.

The box diagram above shows that the entire 11 mpta through October 24th, waould have generated $2.44 bn in cash flow. Annualizing that cash flow number equals $3.34 bn for all 11 MPTA. Tellurian is offering strategic equity investors 55% of Driftwood for a 55% share of its cash flow. Conseqquently, the strategic funders or contingent guarantors should earn $1.834 bn in CF for 2023 according to the illustration above and on investment of $1.8 billion. This prospectively illustrates a very attactive one times cash flow return.

Tellurian which has or will invest $1.5 billion should get $1.5 bn in cash flow prospectively based on this illustration based on prices year to date. Both Tellurian and its strategic partners are getting paid out at one times cash flow. We believe there are interested funders “Contingent Guarantors” who have been preapproved by Blue Owl. These could be BP, Shell, Saudi Aramco, or Tokyo Gas based on their scale and interest in LNG.

So when funded, the Driftwood facility could be valued at $3.34 billion based on adjusted year to date cash flow example. Consequently, we believe a $100 million valuation for Driftwood is a conservative valuation.

Combine Tellurian’s conservative $300mm upstream value plus Driftwood’s $100mm valuation,

Tellurian’s conservative market capitalization is $400 million. $400 million/583 million shares = $0.686/share. Positive news on earnings, the FERC permit extension, and or an SPA could lead to prices around $1.70 when Blue Owl’s financing was first announced and they signed a binding commitment letter July 18th.

A Rare Investment Opportunity:

Compelling investment opportunities are typically contrarian investments. For example, when selling, the shrewd investor sells when everyone is buying and ideally in a state of “irrational exuberance.” Nobel Laureate Robert Shiller wrote his brilliant and exquisitely timed book Irrational Exuberance in March of 2000—the tech bubble peak.  Alternatively, buying when others are selling, panicked, or completely disparaged also makes sense. Severe negative sentiment often occurs when a security is priced at low or distressed valuation levels. Many owners of Tellurian are discouraged with its shares down 90% from when it peaked in May of 2022, following the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Furthermore, since July, Tellurian shares have declined 62% from $1.71/share to $0.65/share. This was caused by weak second quarter earnings, Gunvor’s SPA cancellation, and the FERC construction permit extension overreaction.

On the positive side on September 4th, Baker Hughes agreed to supply eight key refrigerant compression packages for Phase 1 for 2027 production. To deliver Driftwood on schedule, maintaining long lead time orders “in the queue” is critical to avoiding delays in construction and maintaining cash flow forecasts. Compressors and refrigeration units are in great demand and this Baker Hughes agreement keeps Tellurian on schedule even though the company’s financing has not been completed. Additionally, Blue Owl pre-approved Tellurian’s equity partners as “contingent guarantors” by signing its binding commitment letter, but closing expectations slipped from H2 2023 to H1 2024.

The chart below shows how Tellurian rallied from its nadir, below a dollar, and during the COVID 2020 market crash to over $6/share in the wake of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Its share reversion back to below one dollar, despite development at the Driftwood LNG site, suggests despondent sentiment. The recent weeks’ jump in volume from about five million shares a day to 25 million shares a day suggests major turnover in shareholder ownership. The spike in volume may be the handiwork of the shorts working to cover their 85 million share short position by scaring the longs into selling. We would not be surprised if new shareholders emerge and seek to gain control of Tellurian not unlike Carl Icahn’s activist investment into Cheniere Energy Inc. in 2015, when Icahn famously ousted Souki just as Cheniere Energy was poised to begin producing LNG.

Last September, Tellurian withdrew its billion dollar offering and Tellurian announced that it intended to work with strategic equity partners whose businesses made those equity partners natural LNG off takers or natural gas feedstock providers. Partnering with strategic partners created mutually beneficial commercial relationships and not simply financial investors seeking attractive returns by investing in Driftwood. With these key strategic equity partners, Tellurian would finance the Driftwood project. Consequently, with the strategic equity partner model, subsequent SPAs cancellation were no longer essential since Tellurian planned to work with its equity partners who were natural off takers, feedstock providers, and or symbiotic business partners.

The SPA agreement is the traditional complement to the long-term tolling contract model that the Tellurian model seeks to outmode. This September, with its contingent guarantors approved and liquefaction fees rising, Souki declared that if Tellurian could get HH x 115% plus $2.75/mmBtu, they could attract infrastructure funding. On September 13th, Souki announced that the company was going to reintroduce standard SPA offtake agreements. If Driftwood can sell liquefaction for $2.75/mmBtu, Souki said the company would have a $0.50 spread to attract infrastructure and private equity funding after $2.20 in operating, pipeline and interest costs per mmBtu.

On October 6th, the LNG Journal reported that Poten and Partners, an institutional natural gas research publication, reported that off takers are now looking at paying liquefaction fees between $2.60/mmBtu and $2.80/mmBtu. “Poten shipbrokers heard that some developers are actively trying to market US LNG for about $2.60 to $2.80 liquefaction fee ‘and we see some customers buying even at that prices,’ he pointed out. This is largely because contracts linked to Henry Hub prices are still relatively cheap, compared to Brent-linked contracts.”

This credible third party report showed us the market now trading at the levels which are sufficient to attract private equity to invest in LNG facilities like Driftwood. Souki can now sell LNG to strategic equity partners and or private equity firms at levels. Additionally, a combination of tolling and equity participation can now be offered with the SPA they are now securing. This should now allow Tellurian to finance Driftwood LNG.

The Poten article also described the US LNG market this year “Three substantial FIDs already took place in the United States in 2023 so far, all of them “junky projects,” Poten’s global head of business intelligence Jason Feer said.” This confirmed Souki’s assessment of the LNG market and that Tellurian’s competition is offering “junky projects”. This Poten report gives us comfort that Tellurian is in a position to finalize Driftwood financing.

Who are these private equity partners? BlackRock and Blackstone are two prominent and likely funders of LNG projects. Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway recently invested in $3.3 billion in Cove Point at 10x ebitda. Cove Point is a fully developed LNG facility owned by Dominion, but that compares to the 1 times ebitda multiple that Tellurian is offering strategic equity partners to invest directly in its Driftwood facility.

Because the cash flows from Driftwood are not expected until 2027, a significant discount to future flows is reflected in the equity price. However, historically, when the financing prospects for Driftwood have appeared likely, Tellurian’s shares have rallied sharply and sometimes ten-fold. This potential ten-fold return potential is why Tellurian is so attractive to investors.

Co-Founder Martin Houston said this week that the company is “putting together our portfolio of buyers (off takers) as we speak.” Furthermore, if we see a cold winter, we could see the $25/mmBTU or higher in one or both the European benchmark TTF or the Asian benchmark JKM.

We are not alone in recognizing Tellurian’s significant upside potential. Wolfe Research’s Sam Margolin put out a research report with a $10/share price target.

Conclusion:

Tellurian is an exciting investment opportunity due to its attractive valuation and extraordinary upside potential, if the company successfully finances its Driftwood LNG project. Tellurian shares are conservatively valued at $0.68/share or three times expected cash flow of $100 million for 2023 plus “ten cents on the dollar” for the $1 billion Tellurian has invested to date in Driftwood LNG – the last large fully permitted LNG facility to produce LNG this decade in the United States. While not without risk, Tellurian, if it successfully finances Driftwood LNG, could see its market capitalization rapidly rise to a valuation of $4-5 billion, based on forecast future annual cash flows of $4-5 billion in the 2030s.  Due to the unique asymmetric upside opportunity versus downside risk, we believe Tellurian is a generational investment opportunity.

Tellurian has attracted some of Wall Street’s smartest hedge fund investors like Paulson & Company and  Shaw, D.E. & Co., Inc. as well as some of Wall Street’s largest institutional investors including Vanguard Group Inc. with 41,110,453 shares, Blackrock Inc. with 24,623,898 shares, and State Street Corporation with 24,924,075 shares. Tellurian’s management has built 79% of US LNG export capacity and has great contacts which could prove critical in pulling together Driftwood’s capital structure.

The stock market today is largely driven by quantitative models used by institutions and those models frequently rank momentum as a top algorithmic input. Furthermore, the last four decades has watched Wall Street being made readily accessible to Main Street with low-cost online trading. Legions of retail investors look to online and social media forums for investment advice and this phenomenon has manifested itself in the “meme stock craze” in 2021 where stock valuations reached irrational valuations. With the high volatility surrounding Tellurian, we believe that its 90% decline since 2022 has been compounded by institutional momentum trading and social media.

While Tellurian’s cash flow dropped sharply due to the decline in natural gas prices from 2022 to 2023, neither momentum rankings nor social media commentary are designed to capture technical funding  and valuation factors. Tellurian seeks to pioneer its integrated business model and shift the industry away from it historic SPA and toll road business model. Consequently, the declining importance of SPAs to Tellurian’s financing success has been lost on the majority of investors, in our opinion. Likewise, most online commentary over the last month may have overstated a routine permit extension with FERC as a consequential delay. Herein lies the unique opportunity with Tellurian. Momentum investing works until it doesn’t.

Now that a conservative valuation case can be made for Tellurian’s shares, we believe panicked retail and momentum investors have sold their shares to sophisticated institutional shareholders educated in valuation analysis, project finance, and LNG contracts, manufacturing, and trade knowhow. This may be an excellent time for investors to consider doubling up on their investment in Tellurian, especially if they have an unrealized tax loss in the shares. Regardless of TELL’s price action before year end, those who double up can realize a capital loss after 31 days and until year end and maintain their position in the shares. If positive news ensues, those who have doubled up will be especially rewarded for their increased investment at these levels.

Human nature is a constant in the market. Ben Graham famously wrote that in the short-term the market is a voting machine but in the long-term it is a weighing machine.  While social media buzzes about a permitting delay and Tellurian’s decline, Charif Souki was the keynote speaker for the International Energy Forum on Thursday in Riyadh Saudi Arabia. Natural gas prices and geopolitical risks are rising. With Poten ship brokers saying deals are getting done at the levels Souki said can bring in private equity and infrastructure investors, we believe that Tellurian’s asymmetric return profile is a generational investment return opportunity much like Cheniere Energy, Inc. has been.

July 18th, 2023: Tellurian's Driftwood Funding Prospects Tick Up.

  • Tellurian’s prospects are improving with Driftwood LNG now poised to raise $12-15 billion in the coming weeks and months. If Tellurian (TELL) funds Driftwood LNG, we believe that TELL shares could rise five-fold by year end or $8/share.
  • Today’s benign extension of the convertible note suggests Tellurian has identified equity funders that are acceptable to the sale leaseback buyer.
  • Successful financing and construction of Driftwood LNG could create a $32 billion market capitalization company by 2030, up from today’s $810 million market capitalization.

Tellurian’s share price has been extremely volatile since 2015. TELL’s price volatility is primarily a function of the odds that Driftwood LNG facility will get funded. Driftwood’s business model is different than traditional liquefaction companies, like Cheniere Energy Inc (LNG), in that TELL seeks to be a fully integrated LNG producer. Tellurian seeks to source its own cheap US natural gas, liquefy that gas, and then sell the LNG abroad at a large premium in international LNG markets. Cheniere and typical liquefaction facilities charge a processing or tolling fee for a fraction of the margin that Tellurian seeks to capture through its vertically integrated model. Cheniere and traditional liquefaction facilities sign long term tolling contracts and then use those tolling fees to fund the LNG projects.

Below is a chart of Tellurian’s stock price over the last five years. The COVID Crash decimated demand for energy and Tellurian’s stock price in 2020. In 2021, the company began discussing announcing a bank funding group to help finance Driftwood. In 2022, the Russian invasion of Ukraine led to a spike in energy prices and natural gas with Russia threatening to shut off energy to Western Europe. This appeared to be an ideal opportunity for Tellurian to secure funding and significant European demand. Unfortunately, Europe did not have degasification facilities and was partial to a hydrogen solution over LNG. In September 2022, with interest rates rising, Tellurian pulled a $1 billion high yield deal and stated that Driftwood’s LNG production would likely be delayed. This deal cancellation crashed the stock from $4.66 to $1.54/share. In the second half of 2022, commodities and natural gas prices turned lower further weighing on Tellurian’s natural gas operating income and share price. In the first quarter of 2023, 25 million shares of stock that Charif Souki had pledged in a $100 million Aspen ranch development project, was seized and sold by Souki’s creditors. This apparent sale by Souki created terrible Optics for the company which led to the company stock to bottom at $0.94/share on March 24th. Furthermore, two board of directors and the Chief Financial Officer resigned.

Our History of Reports on Tellurian:

Due to the significant potential cash flow benefit of about $9 billion per year, compared to Tellurian’s recent $150-400,000,000/year cash flow from its natural gas production business, Tellurian’s shares swing wildly around the funding prospects for Driftwood LNG. Consequently, updating the company’s boom bust funding prospects has led to multiple updates and this, our eighth, report on Tellurian. Our first article in October 2021 highlighted the exceptional return potential of Tellurian by quantifying Cheniere’s 269% and 138% annualized rates of appreciation during Cheniere’s funding and construction phases. Our second article in August 2022 covered the company’s change to an equity first funding strategy. Our third article predicted that funding was imminent and was published a day before its debt with warrants offering. Our fourth article, October 2022, analyzed the bond offering cancellation, 50% share decline, and revised investment prospects. Our fifth article, February 2023, identified the first commercial sign that funding was still probable. Our sixth article highlighted a potential strategic equity prospect through GAIL’s “EOI” Expression Of Interest announcement. Our seventh article highlighted a $1 billion sale leaseback LOI that will provide $1 billion in equity/mezzanine capital for TELL.

Why Now?

Central to the April 4, 2023, Sale Leaseback LOI which could provide $1 billion in equity, is the requirement that the equity funding parties need to be disclosed to the buyer by July 14, 2023. The Equity funding parties are expected to invest an additional $1.8 billion in equity for the Driftwood construction. The precise language requires that the co-owners or strategic equity funders aka “contingent guarantors” will have the financial means to cover their share of the debt, rent, and other expenses to the satisfaction of the buyer. Those equity investors must be identified by July 14th and accepted by July 31, 2023 or the agreement will terminate.

a requirement that the equity investors in Driftwood LNG or its affiliates be joint and several contingent guarantors of the Master Lease (the “Contingent Guarantors”) and (v) a requirement that the Contingent Guarantors hold an investment grade rating of BBB or higher or attain an equivalent shadow credit rating, or be otherwise acceptable to the Purchaser. The LOI contemplates that the parties will use commercially reasonable efforts to finalize the Purchase Agreement and Master Lease on or before July 14, 2023. The LOI will terminate on July 14, 2023 if Driftwood LNG fails to identify the Contingent Guarantors by such date and will terminate on July 31, 2023 if the Purchaser elects, in its sole discretion, not to approve such Contingent Guarantors. The LOI is binding on the parties but is subject to the negotiation of definitive transaction documents and the approval of those documents by the Company’s board of directors.”

Souki has stated in his June 13 YouTube video that they have counterparties for the $7 billion in bank loans, $1 billion in mezzanine funding, $1 billion in sale lease back funding, $1.5 billion Tellurian Driftwood (past and future) funding, and are seeking $1.8 billion in equity investment to fund Phase 1. With the identification of the equity funders, then it is simply a matter of bringing about the simultaneous closing of these varied parties within 90 days of the buyer’s acceptance. The snip below from the June 13 video shows the nearly $12.3 billion in funding has been identified. And the operating cash flow of Driftwood Phase 1, based on year to date prices and the Driftwood model, is $1.6 billion year-to-date through June 8th.

What is encouraging about this illustration is that the equity partner’s $1.8 billion investment — for its 55% ownership of Driftwood — should generate a cash flow of about $1.6 billion per year. Since there are two trains in Phase 1, both the equity investors and Tellurian get approximately $1.6 billion per year per train. This illustration allows us to extrapolate to when Phase 2 is complete in 2029, when Driftwood will have five trains, four will owned by Tellurian and one by its strategic investors. Consequently, in 2030, Tellurian could generate 4 x $1.6 billion or $6.4 billion in cash flow per year.

This week LNG facility investing got a powerful endorsement. Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway announced its planned purchase of Dominion Energy’s Cove Point LNG facility for $3.3 billion at 10.8 times 2025 EBITDA. Of course, Cove Point is operating today, and Driftwood Phase 1 will not start producing LNG until 2027. But Tellurian is offering its equity at one times cash flow while Berkshire is paying about ten times cash flow. Our belief is that the biggest risk for Tellurian is closing this funding, because Tellurian’s team has built 70% of US LNG capacity and Bechtel, their construction partner, is the world leader in liquefaction facility construction.

Positive Signs:

There still is a great deal of work to be done beyond identifying the funders and closing these contracts; however, Tellurian did hire an LNG investment banking ace, Simon Oxley, two months ago. Furthermore, we believe other announcements by insiders support the idea that funding is increasingly likely.

On July 17, 2023, Tellurian announced that the Hudson Bay Capital Management Group had extended a cash waiver for the third consecutive two week period. Hudson Bay Capital Management bought a $500,000,000 convertible from Tellurian in June 2022.  The note pays off in three tranches of $166,000,000. Tellurian paid off the first tranche, which was due May 1, 2023, on March 31, 2023. The next tranche of the 6% $5.74/share convertible note is due May 1, 2024. This tranche is now a short term liability and Tellurian may want to restructure the remaining notes to help secure the $7 billion bank line.

This reduction of a cash balance minimum from $100 million to $60 million suggests that they are negotiating and they are probably negotiating a debt restructuring to remove the tranche which expires May 1, 2024 because it is a short term liability.

Item 1.01 Entry Into a Material Definitive Agreement. On July 14, 2023, Tellurian Inc. (the “Company”) and Wilmington Trust, National Association (the “Trustee”) entered into a fifth supplemental indenture (the “Fifth Supplemental Indenture”) to the base indenture dated as of June 3, 2022 by and between the Company and the Trustee, as trustee (the “Base Indenture”), as supplemented by the first supplemental indenture dated as of June 3, 2022 among the Company, the Trustee, and the collateral agent named therein (the “First Supplemental Indenture”), the second supplemental indenture dated as of July 18, 2022 between the Company and the Trustee (the “Second Supplemental Indenture”), the third supplemental indenture dated as of June 16, 2023 between the Company and the Trustee (the “Third Supplemental Indenture”), and the fourth supplemental indenture dated as of June 29, 2023 between the Company and the Trustee (the “Fourth Supplemental Indenture” and, together with the Base Indenture, the First Supplemental Indenture, the Second Supplemental Indenture and the Third Supplemental Indenture, the “Prior Indenture”), which collectively govern the terms of the $333,334,000 outstanding principal amount of the Company’s 6.00% senior secured convertible notes due May 1, 2025 (the “2022 Notes”) issued by the Company to an institutional investor (the “Investor”) on June 3, 2022. The Fifth Supplemental Indenture amends Section 3.14 of the Prior Indenture to reduce the Company’s minimum cash balance requirement from $100,000,000 to $60,000,000 during the period from July 18, 2023 to July 31, 2023.

Nothing was given by Tellurian in return for this waiver leading us to believe that that a negotiation is occurring to facilitate Tellurian’s Driftwood financing.

Furthermore, had the equity funders not been identified to the sale leaseback buyers wishes, I am not sure that the convertible waiver would have been extended in today’s benign form.

On July 5th, 2023, Tellurian, Director, Jonathan S. Gross bought 100,000 shares of Tellurian stock for $1.38/share.

The chart below suggests Tellurian is bottoming and should exceed previous highs if it successfully finances Driftwood LNG.

In sum, the sale leaseback LOI, the hiring of Simon Oxley, the July 14th equity partner identification date, the Hudson Bay Capital cash minimum accommodation through July 31st, 2023, Souki’s confidence in the $7 billion bank line and additional $1 billion in mezzanine finance, and the insider stock purchase by Johnathan Gross give us comfort that Tellurian is moving to funding completion in the coming weeks and months and by year end as described in their weekly updates and interviews.

Valuation:

Tellurian’s upstream business is worth about $500 million based on $200 million in revenues per year at a $2.50/mmBTU gas price. Last year, Tellurian’s upstream business was generating about $400 million in operating cash flow when gas prices rose to $10/mmBTU. Gas prices appear to have bottomed with gas rigs counts declining and LNG exports increasing. Consequently, Tellurian’s upstream business is probably worth $750 million or $1.3 per share.

Tellurian has 563 million shares outstanding and invested at least $1 billion in Driftwood. If the project looks viable, then Tellurian’s Driftwood investment should be valued at $1 billion. Combine the upstream $750 million valuation and the downstream Driftwood LNG valuation of $1 billion and then divide the shares outstanding, TELL shares are worth $3.125/share.

The cash flow illustration provides a snapshot into the operating profitability of Driftwood of $1.6 billion per train. If Tellurian trades at five times cash flow of $1.6 billion in 2027, then Tellurian’s market cap will be $8 billion. During Phase 2 the company hopes to add another train every 9 months bring a total of four trains and $6.4 billion in annual cash flow in 2029 or 2030. A conservative five times cash flow would imply a future market capitalization of $32 billion.

Natural Gas Demand:

The biggest risk will be the demand for natural gas in the 2030 time frame to determine if a higher multiple is commanded by the market. We are positive on natural gas prices because renewables have not been able to replace fossil fuels as quickly as many forecasted. Markets are beginning to embrace the idea that renewables simply cannot produce the needed energy and fertilizer for the world over the next decades. By embracing clean burning natural gas with its lower emissions than coal and oil, natural gas is a logical proven energy source which will allow UN Sustainability Goals number 1 “end poverty” and #2 “end hunger” to be met while reducing carbon emissions. Consequently, natural gas and LNG are becoming a critical transition fuel and pricing should remain elevated for years.

We also share Goldman Sach’s Jeffrey Currie’s market view that we are in a commodity super cycle and that under investment in energy “green or brown” has left the world short of energy for the next several years. The world is in a net shortage of energy and inadequate capital investment in energy will keep energy prices higher for the long term.

Conclusion:

Tellurian CEO Octavio Simoes said he expects that Tellurian “will draw in its equity shareholders by year end.” This is consistent with the timing that the sale leaseback will be agreed to between today and July 31. To close the sale leaseback in 90 days, a closing in mid to late October is likely. October is the last quarter of the year, and Simoes tends to be conservative in his guidance.

We believe today’s announcement demonstrates progress toward closing the funding of Driftwood. Closing equity funding deals is complex: “You have a suite of documents that you must evaluate on governance, operations, equity contributions, joint venture. So, to build the project on an equity basis is a much more complex process than signing an SPA that you take to the bank for financing,” according CEO Octavio Simoes in Platts S&P Global Commodity Insights published on July 4th, 2023.

Tellurian’s stock has had more than its share of bad news in the past year with Chairman Charif Souki’s escrowed shares being sold, the Company pulling its September 2022 debt with warrants offering, and an 80% decline in natural gas prices. The stock appears fundamentally inexpensive with a $3.125 target in the coming months and a $32 billion prospective market capitalization in 2029.

We own the stock personally and for our clients and see it as a potential disruptor in the LNG production sector with asymmetric upside.

April 26th, 2023 - Driftwood's $1 Billion Sale Leaseback is a Game- Changer for Tellurian Inc.

The potential financing of Driftwood LNG is a rare asymmetric opportunity that we detail in this note. However, we include yesterday’s YouTube update by Charif Souki the Executive Chairman of Tellurian Inc. His commentary confirms our understanding of the opportunity that, with this note, highlights the compelling investment financing and return details sought by serious investors.

Tellurian’s return profile is different than most companies’ because its return potential is directly linked to the financing and construction of the Driftwood LNG liquefaction facility. Typically, companies are valued on their prospective operating metrics. In the case of Tellurian, the price of its shares is a function of their prospects for successfully funding Driftwood LNG which should generate about $10.7 billion in cash flow in 2029.

Tellurian’s stock price is $1.36/share COB April 21, 2023. The company has 564,000,000 shares outstanding and a market cap of $766,000,000. If Tellurian’s 2029 cash flow projection of $10.7 billion proves accurate, then at five times cash flow, the company’s future market capitalization could be $53.5 billion. If the company has one billion shares outstanding in 2029, then a stock price target on the order of $53/share is a reasonable estimate.

The 2029 $10.7 billion cash flow illustration shown below comes from Tellurian’s February Investor Presentation. Whether that cash flow is achieved is entirely dependent on whether Tellurian can secure the funding to build Plants 1 through 5 of the Driftwood LNG liquefaction plant. When sufficient funding is secured a “Full Notice To Proceed” FNTP will be issued by Bechtel, the world leader in liquefaction plant construction, to complete Phase One: Plants 1 and 2 of the Driftwood LNG project. Plants 3, 4 and 5 will be funded with cash flows from Phase One.

To understand Tellurian and Charif Souki we looked at the price history of Cheniere Energy Inc., where Souki was the former co-founder and Co-CEO. In the chart below we see abnormally high rates of appreciation occurred during Cheniere’s financing and construction phases:

We have concluded that by analyzing Tellurian news regarding Driftwood’s project financing, we can potentially capture the extraordinary share price appreciation associated with the derisking periods correlated with Cheniere’s historic moves. Derisking is a step-function similar to an FDA approval for a one product biotechnology company. Traditional equity valuation methodologies such as discounted cash flows and sum of parts methodologies improperly capture the derisking import of securing the financing to announce Full Notice To Proceed “FNTP” with Bechtel. FNTP commits Bechtel to complete the construction of the Driftwood facility which effectively assures Driftwood’s delivery of LNG and future cash flows. We expect FNTP will be achieved this year based on company statements and this video update on April 5th of the Driftwood Project with construction head, EVP and President Driftwood Assets Samik Mukerjee and Executive Chairman Charif Souki. Now, with the LOI sale leaseback prerequisites due by July 14, 2023, we believe a FNTP could be announced as soon as August, and then the shares could trade at $7.5/share or about five times Tellurian’s current stock price.

A Brief History of Tellurian’s Recent Volatility:

The 15 month chart below shows Tellurian’s shares rose 174%, in early 2022, when natural gas and LNG prices spiked when Russia invaded Ukraine. After May 2022 natural gas and LNG prices declined to more normal levels with prices as of April 20th, 2023 being $2.19/mmbtu for Henry Hub and $13.04/mmbtu for Europe’s TTF LNG benchmark. However, the greatest downside driver during the 76% decline from April to September came from Tellurian’s decision to cancel its $1 billion bond and warrant offering on September 19, 2022. This offering cancellation suggested a project delay and prompted the cancellation of the Shell and Vitol SPAs — though if the Driftwood LNG project look to get funded, both entities could return if new strategic investors do not displace their service offerings.

In the third quarter of 2022, Tellurian shares struggled as its financing prospects were unclear and tax loss selling weighed on the stock. In the first quarter of 2023, shares continued to be pressured due to the resignation of two board members on February 2, 2023. Furthermore, the announcement on February 13th that Charif Souki’s shares were being sold under a forced liquidation by Wilmington Trust Company associated with a substantial real estate purchase in Aspen, created horrific optics for the company. The sale of shares of the company’s public face and Executive Chairman presented the mistaken impression that these sales were a deliberate decision to exit his Tellurian investment. However, the sales were executed by Wilmington Trust and related to Souki’s real estate purchase near Aspen, Colorado and driven by the terms of the real estate loan. We suspect the potential conflict of interest of the loan terms which caused the share sales by Wilmington Trust may have been a factor in the “personal decision” by board members Claire Harvey and James Bennett to resign. These events have no material impact, in our opinion, but led to extremely negative sentiment surrounding Tellurian’s prospects, just as green shoots of a successful financing began to materialize.

Green Shoots — Credible Financing News:

During the first quarter, the board and CFO resignations, Souki’s share sales and negative momentum culminated in an extreme oversold low share price of $0.98/share on March 23rd. However, despite this horrible sequence of negative news, certain positive developments affirmed viability and the potential for Driftwood funding to be realized this year.

Here are several credible news items that support a turnaround:

  • Gunvor extended its SPA on January 27, 2023. We felt if Driftwood funding was not possible, why would Gunvor extend its SPA with Tellurian?
  • GAIL announced an EOI on February 17th. Since the September debt offering cancellation, Tellurian emphasized its new financing model which would utilize strategic partners and the company has publicly courted India as a logical offtaker. Consummation of this contract could lead to a significant equity investment, up to 26%, of Tellurian. The EOI “Expression Of Interest” has GAIL effectively creating an syndicate of Indian gas companies that want to secure low cost LNG for the long term.
  • On February 22, 2023, Tellurian Inc. reported solid earnings. TELL demonstrated they had the balance sheet and cash flow to continue building the Driftwood foundation and targeting LNG in late 2026.
  • On March 31, the company paid off its $169,165,990 in current convertible notes, sending another signal that Tellurian had the balance sheet and income to continue funding Driftwood foundational work that shortens the timeline to LNG production.
  • On April 4th, a binding Letter of Intent “LOI” was signed for a sale lease back of the Driftwood property where it will receive $1 billion based upon other funder conditions being met. Since Cheniere Energy Inc., employed a MLP structure — Cheniere Energy Partners, L.P. (CPQ), selling the facility asset was a clever innovation, but not unusual.
  • On April 10th, Charif Souki said that all the debt, mezzanine and equity investment must close simultaneously and that “next week” Tellurian would be going to NY to secure its $7 billion bond commitment. In total, $1 billion has been invested by Tellurian, $1 billion will come from the sale lease back, and Tellurian is in the process of securing $7 billion in project debt finance. Add in a couple of strategic equity commitments and the funding levels for FNTP could be met. Also encouraging, this debt to equity ratio was just implemented in the Sempra ConocoPhilips Port Arthur LNG facility on March 20, 2023 for a similar sized project.
  • The company, through its many videos and presentations, identifies a pathway to funding Driftwood. With the sale leaseback, other equity counterparties serving as contingent guarantors “of BBB credit quality” are required by July 14th to meet their pro rata obligation of the Master Lease agreement otherwise Tellurian will not secure its $1 billion from its LOI. The final closing is 91 days later, but the syndicate for the $13.6 billion should be largely complete as of July 14, in our opinion. $6 billion in equity and mezzanine finance and $7 billion in project bond finance is the current capital structure. This is juxtaposed to the “Topco” level $1 billion bond offering 11.25% with warrants in September. The current structure utilizes “project bonds” that are an obligation of the Driftwood project. Banks view projects with known feedstock providers, off takers, a proven process technology and contracts, are considered high quality (lower cost) “project finance” debt. Tellurian’s Investor Presentation suggests a 7% interest rate. We believe that a FNTP could be secured in August before the final closing of the sale lease back contract in the third quarter of 2023. This capital structure is lower risk than what Tellurian had been targeting in August and September 2022, due to a higher equity component and lower debt ratio.
  • April 20, 2023, FERC announced the 200/300 pipeline approval Driftwood Pipeline, LLC. This pipeline permission connects existing pipelines with access to the Haynesville shale to the Driftwood LNG facility. This should eliminate any concern from Haynesville E&Ps, who could be strategic equity funding partners, that they might be hindered in delivering their natural gas to the Driftwood LNG facility.

We see green shoots and funding coalescing for Driftwood, catalyzed by the $1 billion sale leaseback financing structure announced on April 4th, 2023. This funding should close 91 days after the guarantor affirmation date of July 14th or July 31st. Consequently, we assume that by July 14, the $7 billion in project debt finance and the $1 billion sale lease should be affirmed, which, in combination with some strategic equity investors, could raise enough capital to secure the FNTP from Bechtel in the third quarter. With Driftwood’s completion prospects being assured by the FNTP, we could see the stock price rising to $7.5 by August 2023 if not later in the third quarter.

Risk and Return Evaluation:

Downside Risk:

There are many market risks especially in terms of natural gas and LNG market price and market demand. Furthermore, there is a strong anti-fossil fuel lobby which works to stymie the global adoption of LNG. These anti-natural gas forces are countered by empirical evidence that highlights natural gas and LNG benefits including increasing energy security, reducing carbon emissions by replacing coal fire electric plants with natural gas, and ending poverty and hunger through broader adoption of US natural gas and LNG in harmony with the increased deployment of renewable energy, hydrogen, and nuclear.

The downside risk to Tellurian is its liquidation value. Assuming the value of Driftwood LNG at its current state is $0, then the company’s current value is only the value of its natural gas pipelines which should generate about $150 million in EDITDA at today’s low gas prices, plus its properties and pipelines. This should be worth about $500,000,000.

Even if Tellurian cannot finance Driftwood, there may be larger entities that would buy the Driftwood LNG Property and licenses for $500,000,000. Consequently, we estimate that the downside risk and downside price valuation for Tellurian based on a market capitalization of $500,000,000 without Driftwood and $1,000,000,000 with an unfunded Driftwood. We estimate the downside risk is $0.88/share to $1.76/share, if we divide these two market capitalizations by the current share count of 564,000,000.

Valuation:

These calculations should be considered as an order of magnitude study. The key is how significant the derisking element is to the price appreciation. We think FNTP, Phase 1 completion and Phase 2 as three derisking milestones.

We estimate that in 2029, Phase 2 will be complete and the market valuation for Tellurian will be five times the illustrated $10.6 billion in EBITDA or $53 billion. Assuming dilution we estimate one billion shares outstanding in 2029, and a share price for TELL of $53.

This would imply an annualized return over 6 years of $53/1.36^1/6-1=83% annualized.

If expected funding steps are completed on schedule, we estimate Tellurian to achieve FNTP in August and then the stock would trade at $7.5/share.

We also estimate TELL’s further rate of appreciation if TELL shares rise to $7.5/share in August when Driftwood should get its FNTP from Bechtel. Based on those assumptions, we estimate the return from our August $7.5 price target to be $53/7.5^1/(5.6)-1 = 41% annualized from FNTP to 2029.

We think the critical derisking point will be when Driftwood starts producing LNG and generating cash flow with the completion of Phase One (trains/Plants 1 and 2) in late 2026 or early 2027. Consequently, at that point the shares could be a good bit higher. We estimate a $34.8/share price target for the completion of Phase 1 based on a 15% annualized discount to the 2029 $53/share price target we envision.

Conclusion:

Tellurian appears to be moving toward successfully financing its Driftwood LNG liquefaction plant in Lake Charles, Louisiana. LNG capacity is experiencing a second wave of project development to address the supply gap in liquefaction capacity as a result of Russia’s invasion of the Ukraine. Furthermore, energy policy is moving from eliminating all fossil fuels in favor of renewables to one that includes transition fuels like natural gas and nuclear energy. Both natural gas and LNG can help end poverty and hunger globally more rapidly than a renewables only strategy.

Tellurian’s management team has a world class record. Its Principals Charif Souki, Octavio Simoes and Martin Houston have collectively built about 80% of US liquefaction facilities and 60% of global LNG facilities. The Driftwood facility is fully permitted, and FERC approved. Tellurian’s prospects now lie in its ability to finance Driftwood.

April 6th, 2023 - Tellurian got major news today!  

Read Article

This sale leaseback will provide Tellurian/Driftwood with $1 billion in cash.

I believe next steps will be a Heads Of Agreement with GAIL based on the EOI. GAIL could provide up to $3.5 billion, but US Nat Gas E&Ps and IOCs like Shell, BP, and Saudi Aramco could all kick in equity. GAIL would provide an end market buyer of LNG demand which will derisk the project and inspire the equity investors.

Then with this binding sale leaseback LOI, TELL should be able to fund its mezzanine $1.5 billion piece. I believe that will be funded by infrastructure or PE investors. The remaining $3-3.5 billion will come from strategic investors like GAIL, US nat gas E&Ps, and or International Oil Companies like Shell, BP, Saudi Aramco…. I believe strategics will want to negotiate transfer or liquefaction fees and terms which are more operator specific than just a financial instrument which is what the mezzanine piece is.

Yesterday’s site visit with Samik Mukherjee emphasized that Driftwood is targeting the FNTP which is the affirmation and commitment of Bechtel to complete the whole project. I believe this is the critical derisking inflection point.

FNTP will not require all $14 billion. Rather a $6 billion equity commitment plus (estimate) $3 billion in project finance debt.

This will allow Driftwood to fund all the compression and liquefaction equipment and construction and debt expenses until they raise the last debt pieces later in the year or 2024, 2025, and 2026.

 

Timeline:

Heads of Terms with GAIL April-May

Mezzanine Piece: $1.5bn April-May

Remaining Strategic Equity investors: 4.5bn (one billion already contributed to Driftwood from Tellurian investments to date. I believe this could be a larger amount and that would make the debt side less burdensome. May-June

Sale leaseback contingent equity partner approval should happen by July 14, 2023. Closing 91 days after July 31 when sale least back must close. June-July

Sufficient debt will be raised between July 31 and October 31 to secure FNTP and assure the closing of the funding needed for Phase One. July-October

SPAs may then be brought in depending on Driftwoods needs. Shell who had been an SPA holder could be equity provide and provide SPA services. July-October

As each of these milestones is achieved, the project is derisked. Up until today the future Driftwood cash flows were aggressively discounted and valued at the $100million or less value. As the discount rates reduce and prospects for funding increase incrementally through each milestone, the value of Driftwood should rise sharply.

For this reason, we see the stock starting to move rapidly higher to $10/share by year end.

April 3rd, 2023 - Is Tellurian, a Ten-bagger Ready to Take Off?

Charif Souki, the Executive Chairman of Tellurian (TELL) was the cofounder and co-CEO of Cheniere Energy (LNG). Cheniere rose from $1 per share to $175/share between 2010 and 2022. Souki was pushed out of Cheniere, in a boardroom fight instigated by activist investor Carl Icahn. Despite Icahn seizing control of Cheniere, it was Souki who was the LNG pioneer that built Cheniere. In our opinion, TELL could be as lucrative as Cheniere for investors.

A close evaluation of Cheniere’s explosive moves (10/2002 $0.48/share to 4/2006 $43.72 and 9/10 $2.50/share to 9/14 $80.03/share) shows that these moves, 269% annualized and 138% annualized, occurred during the finance and construction stages of Cheniere’s two facilities. The first facility was a gasification facility which took cheap international sourced LNG and gasified that LNG to produce cheap natural gas for the US market. When the fracking boom took off in the early 2000s enabled by hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling, massive low cost natural gas was discovered in the US. This business plan reversal forced Souki to scrap his first facility and build Cheniere’s LNG facility at Sabine Pass, transforming Cheniere Energy, Inc (LNG) into the largest LNG exporter in the United States.

Today, Tellurian is poised to finance and construct its liquefaction facility, Driftwood LNG, in Louisiana. If our calculations and hopes prove to be correct, Tellurian should achieve Full Notice To Proceed “FNTP” with Bechtel, or final investment decision “FID” on the $14 billion Driftwood facility by year end. With FID or FNTP, Driftwood’s project financing would be assured and the construction of the facility would be the final step for Tellurian to complete before Driftwood generates cash flow. Based on the explosive returns that occurred during the financing and construction periods for Cheniere Energy, in the chart illustration above, we believe that Tellurian stock could trade at $10/share by year end when financing is fully secured. Additionally, Tellurian’s public shareholders should be able to generate $9 billion in cash flow in 2029. Depending on international LNG prices in 2029 and afterwards, Tellurian could trade around $42.8/share based on a $7.5mmbtu spread and one billion shares outstanding. From $1.21/ share, that is about a 35 bagger as Peter Lynch would describe his greatest performing growth stocks.

LNG and Natural Gas are Transition Fuels:

UN Global Sustainable Development Goals, COP Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the popular fight against climate change are significant movements that have gained tremendous momentum in recent years. Two of the popular goals is the elimination of all fossil fuels and net zero carbon by 2050. These goals are proving impossible and made undeniably clear by the Russian invasion of Ukraine and it’s exacerbating the energy crisis. The rapid and unilateral transition from fossil fuels to renewables is impossible. While efforts to reduce greenhouse gases will not abate, it is increasingly becoming clear that the world will need to utilize fossil fuels through 2050. This is especially true if UNSDG Goals 1 and 2, No Poverty and Zero Hunger, are seriously addressed.

To generate enough energy to power economic growth with the least amount of carbon emissions, natural gas is a far superior energy source to coal and oil.

The environmental benefit of swapping coal with natural gas to generate electricity has been estimated to be so beneficial to the environment that it would exceed the environmental benefit of converting traditional automobiles to electric vehicles. EQT Inc., the largest natural gas producer in the country, provides a detailed analysis of the environmental benefits of coal to natural gas conversion. The company maintains that “replacing international coal consumption with LNG is the largest green initiative on earth.” Further,

by 2030, emissions reductions of US LNG of international coal can be the equivalent to all three of these combined:

  • Electrifying 100% of US cars.
  • Rooftop solar on every US home.
  • Doubling US Wind Capacity.” Source: EQT PowerPoint

EQT is looking to invest in LNG facilities so it can convert its natural gas into LNG and sell its cheap US natural gas at high international gas prices.

It is particularly encouraging to see that India, the fourth largest economy in the world, is focused on converting its coal fired electric power plants to natural gas. Tellurian has indicated that India is a logical LNG (Driftwood) partner as the country seeks to reduce its pollution and grow its economy.

LNG Market Forecast:

Wood Mackenzie estimates an additional 108 MTPA of LNG is needed through 2030. The chart below shows the needed additional 108 MTPA gap between existing projects,  projects under construction, and planned projects — where Driftwood fits.

This video shows Tellurian CEO Octavio Simoes suggesting that Tellurian is working with India’s Energy Minister Hardeep Puri on developing such an off take agreement to help India with its enormous growth prospects and its challenging air pollution problem. Building on this, as reported in The Economic Times in October 2022, Indian Oil Corp was in discussions for potential Driftwood equity and offtake. These reports encourage our belief that GAIL could be a strategic investor in Driftwood.

A Short History of Tellurian’s Wild Price Swings:

Tellurian’s stock price swings hinge off financing prospects of Driftwood. Since Driftwood is Tellurian’s cash flow crown jewel, Tellurian shares’ price action is directly traceable to the market’s confidence in the funding probabilities for Driftwood. The chart below shows how funding prospects were initially high for Tellurian in 2017, however, failure to successfully finance Driftwood, under the leadership of former President and CEO Meg Gentle, led to the stock’s shares trading from $20/share to $10/share, before Tellurian shares crashed to below $1/share in 2020 during the COVID-19 stock market and oil price collapses. Charif Souki, who has a reputation as a risk taker, suffered margin calls, resulting in Tellurian stock liquidations at that time. In June 2020, Souki was named the Executive Chairman of Tellurian and took the reins of the company from then CEO and President Meg Gentle.

From April 2022, Tellurian’s stock experienced a brutal decline from $6 to below $1 in March 2023. TELL shares now appear to be in a comparable position to where the stock was in July 2020. Both in 2020 and today, Charif Souki has been in a forced liquidation situation. The optics of the Executive Chairman in a liquidation are terrible. However, this creates a great buying opportunity when the market’s normal clearing price is pressured by forced liquidations circumstances which are temporary.

Valuation:

There are two endpoints that provide quantifiable stock price objectives for Tellurian. The first is the point where Tellurian’s financing is assured with an FID or a FNTP. The other is when the company is cash flowing on all five trains in 2029.

Assuming a five-times multiple on $4.3 billion in cash flow and a 45% equity ownership by strategic partners, we derive a market cap for Driftwood in late 2026 of $11.825 billion.  Discount the $11.825 billion back by 13%/year for 2026, 2025, and 2024 = 39% discount, the present value for Driftwood would be $7.21 billion in market capitalization at year end. Assuming 720 million shares outstanding, Tellurian shares would have a share price of $10/share at year end with either FNTP or FID.

Our longer term valuation target is when all five trains are constructed. We expect that Driftwood Phase One will be complete by 2027 and each additional train will be built every nine months so that in 2029 all five trains should be producing LNG. We assume that half of the earnings from Phase One will go to the strategic investors and all of Phase Two’s earnings will go to Tellurian shareholders. In other words, four of the five trains will be producing the spread which we estimate at $7.50/mmbtu in 2029.

Using Tellurian’s presentation estimate of $10.7 billion in cash flow in 2029, 4 of 5 trains or 80% of 10.7 billion = $8.56 billion. At five times cash flow, Tellurian’s market capitalization could equal $42.8 billion in 2029. Assuming a total share count of one billion shares, Tellurian could trade at $42.8/share. From $1.2/share to $42.8/share is 36 fold over 6 years or 81.4% annualized.

The Financing Prospects:

Charif Souki gives weekly talks and recently suggested that we could see some news in the coming weeks. The company said it is in talks with private equity or infrastructure players to secure a $1.5 billion mezzanine piece of high yield/equity portion of the Driftwood project. Tellurian also said that it is in discussions with IOCs who could provide $3-3.5 billion in equity. Of the $4.5 billion in equity, Tellurian has already paid for over $1 billion in costs leaving the remaining equity sought in the $3-3.5 billion range.

The equity side is $6 billion and the debt side is $7 billion. What Souki said on March 28th, 2023 is that they are trying to get commitments and have these entities hold until all of these pieces can be closed near simultaneously. We believe that a logical announcement would be the GAIL deal whereby GAIL takes 26% of the $14 Driftwood which would be $3.5 billion. Tellurian then could get $500 million pieces from the US E&Ps and or other IOCs. The GAIL EOI was for up to 26% so other equity players could also be integrated.

Since the September’s debt with warrants cancellation, financing prospects have looked discouraging. Furthermore, two board members resigned at the end of January, as well as the CFO. It could be concluded that the company was, in fact, having difficulty funding the Driftwood facility. Additionally, Charif Souki had posted 25 million shares of Tellurian stock with Wilmington Trust to purchase a Colorado ranch in 2017. Share price weakness since September led to Wilmington Trust calling its collateral and liquidating nearly all of Souki’s 25 million shares, adding to continued selling pressure. These sales are near completion and prospects for funding are improving. Friday, after the market closed, Tellurian announced it was transferring $166 million to cover a convertible bond current liability due in May. This liability was a concern cited by Bank America’s negative February report, but with $470 million in cash on its balance sheet at year end, the liability is an inconvenience and not an existential threat.

Psychology can change quickly. With 85 million shares short and material announcements possible in the coming weeks, Tellurian shares could move higher in coming weeks and months and, by year end, be at $10/share. The author is long both stock and options on Tellurian Inc.

February 26th, 2023 - The Good, The Bad, and Our Analysis

Last week Tellurian reported strong earnings. Bank of America wrote a negative piece on Tellurian before the earnings and B Riley and Income Growth Advisors wrote positive reports after its earnings release.

This note summarizes the concerns raised by Bank America on February 14th, 2023, the positive perspective of B. Riley, and our report compared to these brokerage firms’ analysis.

Bank America views the Driftwood project as unlikely due to a convertible debenture for $166 million coming due in May 2023, odds that the Gunvor SPA will not being extended, and weak natural gas prices limiting Tellurian’s cash flow and ability to continue Driftwood construction.

On February 22, 2023, Tellurian released strong results showing the company is in better financial shape than Bank of America had forecast. Furthermore, on February 17, 2023, GAIL, India’s largest natural gas company, issued an EOI, “Expression Of Interest”, to take formal bids from Indian companies to buy 26% of a US LNG Liquefaction project with production to commence in 2026 and 2027. This could allow Indian companies to fund about $3.5 billion of Driftwood’s construction in exchange for pro rata ownership of low cost Haynesville LNG “at cost” for the life of the facility. India is looking to replace its coal fired electric generating plants with LNG to reduce its terrible air pollution.

This EOI is a material offer to form a syndicate where Driftwood would be a logical beneficiary. We believe that this announcement improves the probabilities that Gunvor extends its SPA for another month further improving Driftwood’s financing prospects.

From a psychological standpoint, sentiment could not be more negative. Two Board of Directors had resigned, and Charif Souki had shares he had pledged as collateral to buy real estate sold. The stock hit the Bank of America downside target of $1.5/share. Moments of maximum bad news often create the real bargains that contrarian and value investors look for to buy a deep value investment.

We wrote two pieces highlighting three credible events that lead us to believe that Tellurian has bottomed and may be at a critical turning point. The first article is “Tellurian has a Pulse, Once Again” on January 30th that asserted Gunvor, a sophisticated global commodities trader and LNG shipper, would not extended its SPA into February if they did not see a chance of Driftwood getting funded. Gunvor is in a position to share confidential information with Tellurian under NDA which gives us faith that its decision was carefully evaluated and they are likely privy to funding prospects that are non-public. Our second piece “Tellurian’s Pulse Grows Stronger” details the importance of the GAIL EOI paving the way for the critical strategic partner equity investment critical to Tellurian’s $4.5 billion strategic equity, $1.5 mezzanine finance, $1 billion in Tellurian cash flow (already invested), and $7 billion in project debt structure.

The B. Riley’s report suggests the TELL is worth $5/share and not today’s $1.56/share. B. Riley, a former Tellurian investment banker, sees the prospects of Driftwood getting funded as good. It values the Driftwood asset as being worth $4/share and its upstream natural gas business being worth $1/share.

Tellurian’s share prospects will be defined primarily by their ability to build Driftwood. Tellurian’s earnings report, Executive Chairman Charif Suki’s forecast based on earnings, and the prospects for Driftwood based on B. Riley’s report, suggest a significant upside opportunity exists in Tellurian shares.

Whether key developments occur for Tellurian will ultimately decide the stock’s prospects; however, the Gunvor extension, the Gail EOI, and Tellurian’s strong earnings are supportive of a positive outcome for financing Driftwood and for Tellurian’s stock performance in the years ahead.

We have always believed that the upside to Tellurian is quite significant if Driftwood is financed. B. Riley’s analysis is consistent with ours. Tellurian has shown its forecasted cash flow from the fully completed 27 MTPA Driftwood facility to be $10 billion cash flow/year. Since the company is selling part ownership of Driftwood LNG, $6 billion in cash flow could be generated by Tellurian’s pro rata share in the future when the Driftwood project is fully completed. B. Riley compares Tellurian Inc. to Cheniere Energy which trades at 6.5 times forward cash flow but asserts the Tellurian should trade at a higher multiple to cash flow than Cheniere because Tellurian operates a higher margin fully integrated LNG business versus Cheniere’s toll road business model. Consequently, we estimate the upside to Tellurian stock based on B. Riley’s, Tellurian’s and our analysis to be $6 billion x 6.5 to 10 times forward cash flow in 2028.

$6 billion x 6.5 forward cash flow multiple = $39 billion market capitalization in 2028.

$6 billion x 10 forward cash flow multiple = $60 billion market capitalization in 2028.

From Friday’s closing market capitalization of $879 million, there is significant upside to equity investors in Tellurian.

We have always seen Tellurian having a compelling asymmetric upside and these forecasts support that conclusion. Unfortunately, natural gas prices have dropped sharply since the invasion of Ukraine. Furthermore, Tellurian’s decision to cancel its billion dollar debt offering and the cancellations of the Vitol and Shell SPA this past September, have led to pronounced weakness in the stock which we believe now offers an excellent investment opportunity, if Driftwood is financed.

Sincerely,

Tyson Halsey, CFA

December, 20, 2022

Please watch our latest Zoom call. We discuss the market outlook for 2023, the Great Rotation, Energy Transition Opportunities, the Inflationary Cycle, the commodity super cycle and the case for gold and precious metals. Tyson Halsey, CFA provides historical market valuation, cycle and bubble analysis. Rich Gula a veteran Boston institutional investor/consultant and creator of Fidelity’s Modern Chart Room reviews key charts. Jennifer Warren also comments on the energy transition, fusion, and the case for fossil fuel investments.

I also led a panel on investing at the IVY Family Office Network. I think Michael Belkin and the moderator’s comments are especially compelling.

Our moonshot idea for 2023 and next several years is gold and precious metals. We are big believers in energy and see great opportunities in the energy transition. We believe we are experiencing an inflationary cycle and commodity Supercycle, and the investment rules of the last 40 years no longer will work. By studying the 1970s and the 1999-2008 period as macroeconomic analogues, we believe we shed light on unconventional strategies which have strong historical precedent.

October 25th, 2022 - Tellurian trades at Liquidation Value and No Value for Driftwood LNG potential

  • Tellurian’s shares are an attractive asymmetric opportunity.
  • Recent debt and SPA cancellation reactions overdone.
  • Strategic investors weigh climate and energy security, not just ROI.

 

Shares of Tellurian Inc. (TELL) declined nearly 50% since August 24 due to the cancellation of its $1 billion note offering and the subsequent cancellation of two SPAs (Sales Purchase Agreements). We believe the declines were overreactions.

  1. Powell’s Jackson Hole “pain speech”26.2022
  2. Announcement of deal29.2022
  3. Hot CPI data and Dow 1000 point plunge13.2022
  4. Cancellation of debt deal 19.2022
  5. Fed hike another 75 bps21.2022
  6. Cancellation of SPAs23.2022 Shares traded intraday to $1.53/share on 77 million in volume.
  7. Brightspeed debt cancellation29.2022

 

Driftwood Opportunity

The investment opportunity for Tellurian Inc. lies in its ability to generate $11 billion in cash flow per year from its Driftwood LNG facility in Louisiana.

Just as Executive Chairman Charif Souki is considered a leader in the US LNG space, Tellurian’s team has great experience as well. Tellurian’s team “originated and executed c. 79% of U.S. LNG capacity development and c. 36% of global LNG capacity development across four continents.” Tellurian’s model is transformative; its integrated model seeks to capture the US versus international natural gas price spread rather than operate as a toll road process provider. Tellurian has “all FERC and DOE permits secured for Driftwood LNG terminal and pipelines.”

The chart below of Cheniere stock (LNG) shows its price performance during both facilities’ financing and construction phases and, since 2020, the international LNG price run up.

Is Morgan Stanley New Investment Banker?

How to Close Driftwood:

There is a benefit with the cancellation of the Shell and Vitol’s SPAs in that strategic funders can control who their LNG is sold to. For example, a potential funder, such as a Haynesville E&P, may want to sell to their own preferred buyers of LNG, not Shell or Vitol’s customers. The market reacted to the SPA cancellations as if the cancellation of their SPAs was because Shell and Vitol believed TELL could not secure funding.  Furthermore, the lack of gasification capacity in Europe and extraordinary gas price volatility due to the Russian invasion, made the SPA terms problematic for Shell and Vitol. Both Shell and Vitol could return with revised SPAs which are priced to the market and accordant to their capacity to ship. [The 77 million share volume and price plunge to $1.58 intraday price for TELL on September 23, appears unjustified if not suspicious.]

Beyond investment return, demand for LNG can be driven by environmental concerns and energy security arguments. Following the Russian natural gas debacle, countries are increasingly interested in diversifying their supply sources. Certain European countries may want US LNG due to the absence of Russian LNG. India is a country struggling with terrible air pollution and it has indicated that it wants LNG to replace its massive coal fired electric generation plants. Worse still is the adverse health impact of people cooking in huts with wood and dried dung, which would be vastly improved by natural gas cooking common in North America.

Ideal investors in the Driftwood facility are strategic investors. That is, an entity which would enjoy a material benefit from the LNG Liquefaction facility itself. This most logical strategic investors are natural gas E&Ps in the Haynesville shale who would economically benefit from partnering with Driftwood to sell domestic natural gas at elevated international prices. Both Southwest Energy and Chesapeake Energy Corporation stated clearly in their q2 earnings calls that they are interested in selling into the international markets. Southwest Energy is 150 miles north of Driftwood and its CEO, Bill Way on its August 5th quarterly call said “We are evaluating on a risk adjusted basis, potential opportunities to benefit from global pricing by leveraging our approximate reliable long-term supply capability to help enable liquefaction projects to achieve FID.” Likewise, Chesapeake President and CEO Nick Dell’Osso said on his August 3rd conference call “we think we are a preferred seller of gas into the LNG world. We’re right there on the doorstep of the facilities, we have a tremendous amount of gas, we have good connectivity to market. There’s a lot of projects that are in the works….” Chesapeake Energy and Southwest Energy are representative and logical strategic funders of Driftwood. Charif Souki explains on May 17th how advantageous it would be to an E&P to sell its natural gas at the much higher international rates.

Since Gas Tech, we have noticed increased indications of a deal with India, where the strategic buyer, India, is an off taker of LNG. Having feedstock providers and an off takers, significantly de-risks funding Driftwood LNG. India is the fourth largest importer of oil in the world and “liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports are expected to quadruple to 124 billion cubic meters (bcm)” said Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Secretary Pankaj Jain.

“India has resumed talks with Tellurian LNG as the world’s fourth-largest LNG buyer wants to strike new term deals to secure supplies” according to Energy Intelligence.

 “India’s Federal Oil Minister Hardeep Puri, along with the chairmen of state-owned refiners Indian Oil Corp. (IOC), Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (BPCL) and gas pipeline utility Gail India met with Tellurian Chief Executive Officer Octavio Simoes in Houston.

Another Try

“We exchanged notes on the evolving gas markets and opportunities for Indian oil marketing companies to invest in Tellurian’s project in US,” Puri, who has been in the US since Oct. 6, said in a Twitter post Tuesday.

Petronet LNG, India’s largest LNG buyer, signed an initial pact with Tellurian in September 2019 to negotiate the purchase of up to 5 million tons per year of LNG from the 27 million ton/yr Driftwood project” according to Energy Intelligence.”

Tellurian must close this Driftwood LNG financing. We believe it will now be willing to commit up to $3 billion of its own capital up from $1 billion this summer. That $3 billion is $1.2 billion committed through q1 2023, and another $1.8 billion from future cash flows from its upstream activities from 2023-2027. The company may have targeted those additional cash flows to expand its upstream activities, but funding Driftwood is essential. Since the company, in this scenario implied by the Morgan Stanley report diagram above, is not seeking more equity capital from the $3-3.5 billion range, investors should be pleased to see the liquefaction facility get financed without meaningful additional dilution or delay. Consequently, we believe that TELL shares could exceed its spring time high of $6.2/share in the first half of 2023, and upon securing the “Full Notice To Proceed” from Bechtel, shares could top $10/share.

 

In recent days, stock reflects fair value for upstream and assuming cash flow will fund driftwood construction though price reflects 0% chance of success. Yesterday EQT had a positive write up. They could be in the mix with SWN and CHK.

Today, TELL put out pictures of CEO Octavio Simoes with Koreans. India and Koreans could be meaningful offtakers. Obviously Europe does not have a policy and Ukraine makes decision making tough.

Yesterday WSJ had bearish case on LNG. It is shoulder months. Cold has yet too kick in. Tax losses and recession fears are pressuring commodity prices, but I believe we are in an inflationary cycle
Check out my YOUTUBE channel.

I think there is a lot of interest and soft commitments that TELL is working to cement and that is why they say first half 2023. This is not fast enough for me, but this seems like a good prospect for a triple in 6-9 months.

 

October 23rd, 2022

Income Growth Advisor’s Market update on October 20th gives insightful analysis and commentary on today’s challenging market. Tyson Halsey, CFA is joined by Rich Gula, Boston Institutional Investment veteran and several other sharp investment minds to assess market risks in this challenging period.

We discussed current market problems such as potential financial failures, equity market risks, reasons for a year end rally, and why gold may be a top performer in the years ahead.

https://us02web.zoom.us/rec/share/-imDufxfC6NGwiP_YckJ_WHRKUuACRuLZP0FBz-rozbVI0Hl31BJmk8r2t7rbpRq.q99VHzQDOT11Ix1e
Passcode: 4=qUF&bw

Thank you for watching.

October 11th, 2022

Tellurian’s Charif Souki made positive comments on the economic logic of Europe financing the 100mta of permitted LNG facilities for $120 billion. Europe will spend 600billion Euros for subsidies to offset the energy price spike; however, that is an offset and not a cure to the problem.

In light of the recent decline in TELL stock, we remain positive on the stock. We agree with Morgan Stanley’s assessment that the company trades at liquidation value/fair value of upstream assets. If TELL can find some path to financing the Driftwood facility, TELL shares will likely soar.

September 2022 Zoom Meeting

This YouTube video provides market insight into the risks and opportunities in the markets. Tyson Halsey, CFA provides a quantitative and thematic overview highlighting income and energy opportunities. Richard Gula, a pedigreed technical and quantitative expert, reviews several international market charts. Jennifer Warren, an ESG and energy expert, provides insight into the energy transition.

Update posted on Yahoo 8.24.2022 at 3:35 PM EST

Tyson Halsey, CFA speaking. My August 18th Seeking Alpha article got good reception. I believe TELL will sign an equity deal and the SWN conference call transcript suggested they want to help companies get to FID. Given that SWN is the largest Haynesville operator, they would seem a logical Driftwood funder. Speculation — if I were Souki, I would think TELL would want to sign SWN and someone else so that combined they have $3.2 billion which with TELL’s own “1 billion” they would close the equity side with $4.2bn. EQT makes sense, but if they are still hung up on permitting, CHK, CTRA, BP… others could be an alternate to EQT.
The day I wrote the Seeking Alpha Tellurian Inc. article the stock had a huge 13% move. However, at noon, volume spiked on the Haynesville closing. So the market, IMHO, is moving the company on the nat gas prospects for TELL and not my article debunking the short narrative or improved prospects for funding under a rolling equity first strategy. Nat gas then broke out, and TELL stock pushed higher. However, the announcement that Freeport will not reopen until November vs October caused nat gas (HH) to pull back. That caused recent weakness from its recent high near 4.89 two days ago. So, today, I added more stock and options to my personal account. I used to work on the NYFE (New York Futures Exchange) and we looked at price patterns on the market indexes. In the last week TELL stock spiked up on good volume and then pulled back. That pattern is a bull flag with positive price volume correlation.


The market got super negative on TELL since April due to concerns about the SPAs, an energy correction, and exacerbated by Dizard’s publication and SA knocking TELL a month ago. Both written arguments were flawed. With TELL’s short (98mm shares) and the nice volume pick up, I bought the dip today.
Buying when a security is down is a way to reduce risk. I did. I hope I am right.
Terence Brogan of The Brogan Group a division of Wellington Shields in Boston wrote me yesterday and said he thought the stock could get to $16/share. If TELL has FNTP and possibly FID, I believe that upside is totally reasonable by year end or FID in early 2023.


When the company like TELL gets funded, it experiences a massive derisking. Valuation formulas of future cash flows change from a 40% to 15% discount rate or something on that order. TELL’s investor presentation shows potentially $11bn in FCF when all trains are running in 2026. That assumes a $8 margin per mmBTU. With the energy crisis it seems increasingly reasonable that TELL could have a margin of $16/mmBTU.


The volume since my article shows psychology is changing. It is comforting knowing Blackrock John Paulson, Citadel and DE Shaw are in this too.

TELL is a high risk play. Do your own research. However, if they get TELL funded, I suspect that the appreciation rates I cited at Cheniere during their construction/financing periods, is indicative of the significant potential. I think buying on each funding announcement this year would be the shrewd investor strategy which institutions will likely employ. I look to derisk my position at $16 hopefully in the next 6 months when the funding FID/FNTP are done.

In the meantime, the shorts may begin to feel uncomfortable if the stock starts moving rapidly. One can only hope a speculative longs like the Reddit MEME stock buyers jump in. They won’t get burned in TELL the way they were with AMC and BBBY more recently. They have a better chance of not getting burned because TELL could be a great growth stock for the next 5 years. I hope so. I am long.

Technical comment on Tellurian Inc. by Terence Brogan of The Brogan Group, Wellington Sheilds in Boston.

Inflation and Geopolitical Black Swan Risks and Opportunities Webinar

Webinar Key Takeaways:

  1. We have entered an inflationary environment that rewards an inflation-oriented investment posture.
  2. Inflation is out of control and interest rates are rising.
  3. Interest rates are artificially depressed due to Federal Reserve accommodative policies since 2009 of abnormally low Fed Funds rates and $9 trillion in asset purchases.
  4. This cycle should last 7 to 16 years and reward commodity-oriented strategies while punishing long-duration assets like bonds and technology stocks.
  5. From 1999 to 2008, an inflationary cycle, the XLE energy ETF returned a 22% compounded annual return “CAGR” while the QQQ Tech ETF returned -3.157% CAGR.
  6. During 2009-2022, a deflationary cycle, the QQQ returned 20% CAGR and the XLE returned 3.68%.

Daniel Island News

How Today’s Spiking Inflation Could Impact You.

October 2021 Market Overview

Rising Commodities, Interest Rates, Inflation and  Market Opportunities

Click here to download the presentation PDF: 2021 October 14 IGA Call

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